Level 2 club coach
Athletics Resources

This page contains course materials relevant to coaches who have completed or are enrolled in the Level 2 Club Coach course. The page will be regularly updated to ensure that you have access to the latest content to develop and consolidate your knowledge.

Course checklist

Before the Course

On the Days of the Course

  • Bring a pen, paper, lunch and have access to your Manual.

  • Wear clothes that allow you to perform light exercise. 

After the Course

 

pre-course work

Click here to register for your Online Learning Modules (Includes Pre-Course work, Learning Material and Post-course work)

Prior to attending the course all participants are required to complete the Level 2 Club Coach 'Pre-Course Modules' and the Australian Sports Commission's 'Play by the Rules - Harassment and Discrimination Module.' 

 

ESSENTIAL READING LIST

Malina, M. (2010). Early Sport Specialization: Roots, Effectiveness, RisksCurrent Sports Medicine Reports, 9(6), 364-371.
"Limiting experiences to a single sport is not the best path to elite status. Risks of early specialization include social isolation, overdependence, burnout, and perhaps risk of overuse injury." 

Schiffer, J. (2013). Athletics for Children and Adolescents. IAAF New Studies in Athletics, 28, 7-20.
"How athletics serves and develops young people is critical for the future of the sport...Responsibility in this area is shared among the sport's leaders, coaches, [and] teachers..." This report provides a review of the developmental and physical characteristics, training considerations, preventing dropout and competition preparation of adolescent athletes.

Hamidreza, M. (2016). Legal Duties and Legal Liabilities of Coaches Toward Athletes. Physical Culture & Sport: Studies and Research, 69, 5-16.
"It is undeniable that coaches play a major role in the development of athletes. Coaches and athletes have a close relationship and share various experiences that lead to a strong bond between them, and this is of great responsibility for the coach. Therefore, the coach should maintain this bond with mutual respect and trust."

Sports Coach UK (2015). Communication Styles and Preferences. Sports Coach UK Research Summary 14.
"Communication is more than just what is said. It is a mixture of verbal and non-verbal messages that can change depending on individual preferences or the circumstances. As a coach, understanding your own style and the preferences of your athletes can make a real difference to your coaching effectiveness. This summary looks at new research with coaches and athletes to show how communication can vary by coach, gender of athlete and type of sport."

 

Lecture Slides Day 1

The lecture slides from Day 1 are available to download by clicking here. This includes the lectures on Developing the Skills of Coaching, Athlete Conditioning, Planning Training, Biomotor Abilities, Sprints, Crouch Starts, Relays, Sprint Hurdles, Middle Distance and Long Distance. 

You are encouraged to have this document available to you on the day of the course to allow you to make notes and follow along with the material.

Lecture Slides Day 2

The lecture slides from Day 2 are available to download by clicking here. This includes the lectures on Jumps Common Elements, Long Jump, Triple Jump, High Jump, Throws Common Elements, Shot Put, Discus and Javelin. 

You are encouraged to have this document available to you on the day of the course to allow you to make notes and follow along with the material.

Participant's Manual

Produced by the LA84 Foundation, this holistic coaching manual is aimed at the high school track coach. The publication focuses on training principles, strength training, plyometrics, injury prevention, nutrition, organizing a track meet, rules, and specific tips for coaching each track & field event. 

Click here to download your manual.

STAR Interactive Resource

The STAR Interactive Resource introduces coaches to coaching principles, drills, and training programs for a range of track and field events. This is available for you to access at any time through your Level 2 Intermediate Club Coach Online Learning Portal

Sports CONNECT - Inclusion in Sport

Designed by the Australian Sports Commission, the Inclusion in Sport Manual serves as an important tool in supporting coaches to deliver inclusive sessions that are accessible to all athletes. All Level 2 Intermediate Club coaches are encouraged to save the Inclusion in Sport PDF to their personal device and reflect on the content regularly to ensure they are delivering inclusive sessions in a manner that allows athletes under their care to achieve their best. 

Click here on the the thumbnail below to access the manual. 

IAAF Run! Jump! Throw!

Designed by the IAAF, the 'Run! Jump! Throw!' manual provides coaches with a simple guide to the techniques of athletics that they can take out and use in schools and on the training track. 

A digital version of the manual is available by clicking here

High Jump - Fosbury Flop Youth Coaching Guidelines

This document has been prepared with the assistance of Gary Bourne and Peter Hannan to provide guidelines for Accredited Athletics Coaches on the appropriate age to introduce the Fosbury Flop to young athletes. Click here or on the thumbnail below to commence reading.

Click here for the Coach Assessment sheet.   

IAAF Principles of Training

Training theory encompasses all aspects of fitness knowledge, including social, psychological, and scientific. The coach uses this information, along with knowledge about the athlete as an individual, to devise the most effective training programme. This document prepared by the IAAF explores the fundamental principles of training for the coach. 

Strength Exercises

The following PowerPoint slides cover the basic coaching points of common strength exercises for Track and Field athletes. Click here or on the thumbnail below to read. 

Plyometrics - Four Studies Athletics Coaches Must Read

This article gives an in-depth explanation of four peer-reviewed papers highlighting why and how to implement plyometrics training as part of a successful Track and Field program. 

Throws - The Technical Commonalities

This article published in techniques explores the common features of the throws and the most important coaching considerations for the throws coach. 

 

SKILLS AND DRILLS COMPILATION

 

DAN PFAFF IN AUSTRALIA WITH FASTTRACK 400

Two Novel Warm Ups 

Posture and Dorsiflexion

Marching A-Skips

Ankling / Dribbles

Ankling / Dribbles Progression

CONES AND LADDERS DRILLS

FEATURED INFO-GRAPHIC

Overtraining.jpg
Youth sports is not a sprint - it’s an Ultra-Marathon. Everything is for the long game: we hope they learn skills/traits that help in life, they work now to play better when they are older, they create lifetime memories and they love the game for rest of their days
— - Changing the Game Project
 

STAR SUPPORT RESOURCES

STAR Drill Guides
Lean, Fall and Catch (Sprints)
Standing Arm Drive (Sprints)
Trail Leg Drill Against Wall (Hurdles)
Trail Leg Drill Against Wall 2 (Hurdles)
Trail Leg Walk Over (Hurdles)
Lead Leg Wall Drill (Hurdles)
Lead Leg Walk Over (Hurdles)
Combined Walk Over (Hurdles)
Arms Out Walking (Walks)
Single Arm Rotation (Walks)
Feet Cross Over Drill (Walks)
Line Walking Drill (Walks)
Incline Walking (Walks)
The Back Over (High Jump)
The Scissors (High Jump)
Repeated Take-Offs (Long Jump)
Split Landing (Long Jump)
Landing (Long Jump)
3 or 4 Bounds and Jump (Triple Jump)
3 or 4 Hops and Jump (Triple Jump)
Hop-Step-Hop-Step and Jump (Triple Jump)
Step Jump (Triple Jump)
Full Triple Jump Sequence (Triple Jump)
The Overhead Throw (Shot Put)
The Caber Toss (Shot Put)
Standing Towel Sling (Discus)
Pivot and Throw (Discus)
360 Degree Throw (Discus)
The Full Throw (Discus)
The Weighted Ball Exercise (Javelin)
Side On Cross Overs (Javelin)
Running with the Javelin (Javelin)
Javelin Medicine Ball Throw (Javelin)

STAR Fact Sheets
Warming Up and Cooling Down
Nutrition
Injury Prevention
Disability
Safety
Rules and Regulations
Block Starts
Measuring Components of the 100m
Coaching the Walks
Peter Burge's Long Jump Tips and Drills

STAR Lesson Plans
Lesson 1: Running Technique
Lesson 2: The Standing Start
Lesson 3: The Crouch Start
Lesson 4: Relays
Lesson 5: Introduction to Hurdles
Lesson 6: Developing Hurdles
Lesson 7: Race Walking
Lesson 8: Introduction to High Jump (Scissors)
Lesson 9: Introduction to the Fosbury Flop
Lesson 10: Long Jump
Lesson 11: Introduction to Triple Jump
Lesson 12: Shot Put
Lesson 13: Discus
Lesson 14: Introduction to Javelin
Lesson 15: Javelin Progression

STAR Training Programs

100 and 200 Metres
400 Metres
800 Metres
1500/3000 Metres
Relays
Sprint Hurdles
Intermediate Hurdles
Race Walking
High Jump
Long Jump
Triple Jump
Shot Put
Discus
Javelin

INCLUSIVE COACHING FOR WHEELCHAIR ATHLETES

A holistic guide to coaching wheelchair athletes, including technique, equipment and training methods.

Compiled and written by Alison O'Riordan for England Athletics.

Psychological Performance Inventory

The Psychological Performance Inventory is used by athletes to help them achieve their best during major competitions. The test will examine the athlete's i) self confidence, ii) negative energy control, iii) attention control, iv) visualisation and imagery control, v) motivation, vi) positive energy and vii) attitude control.

This information may help the coach in understanding the mental skills of their athletes and provide a method of monitoring the progression of their attributes over time.

You can download the interactive inventory here.

 

MAXIMUM STRENGTH FOR ATHLETICS

"The relevance of maximum strength for all athletics events is often ignored...maximum strength is a necessary basic quality as a foundation for power development...

Athletes should be strong but not be weightlifters and their maximum strength must be evaluated in its contribution to their abilities as a powerful athlete"

Events by Maximum Strength Contribution

Shot Put
Discus
Javelin
Pole Vault
Triple Jump
High Jump / Long Jump
Hurdles
100m / 200m
400m
800m / Steeplechase
1500m - 5000m
10,000m - Marathon

RECOMMENDED ONLINE MODULE

PBTR - Let Kids be Kids

As Level 2 Intermediate Club Coaches, you are expected to be leaders within your athletics community and ensure that your club has a positive attitude that supports the participation and improvement of all athletes, officials and fellow coaches. The PBTR - Let Kids be Kids online module is a great resource for learning effective practices in creating a positive club environment to best support the development of our young athletes. 

Click here or on the thumbnail below to enrol in the online module. 

FOSBURY FLOP INTRODUCTION

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

The following articles are designed to extend your knowledge and may be of interest to those coaching or intending to coach intermediate level athletes.

Athletics Australia does not endorse any of these articles, rather we provide them for your consideration and hope that you will find them interesting, informative and insightful. Coaches are encouraged to apply their own critical judgement in assessing what is published. 

Combined Events Scoring Spreadsheet

Myofascial Release Guide Book

Robertson, M. (2008). Self-Myofascial Release Purpose, Methods and Techniques

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles 

Clark, H., Camire, M., Wade, T., & Cairney, J. (2015). Sport Participation and its Association with Social and Psychological Factors Known to Predict Substance Use and Abuse Among Youth: A Scoping Review of the Literature, International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 8, 224-250. 

Gorman, S. (2010). Sporting Chance: Indigenous Participation in Australian Sport History, Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Journal, 2(2), 12-22

Goudas, M., Biddle, S., Fox, K., & Underwood, M. (1995). It ain't what you do, it's the way that you do it! Teaching style affects children's motivation in track and field lessons. Sport Psychologist9, 254-254. 

Hamidreza, M. (2016). Legal Duties and Legal Liabilities of Coaches Toward Athlete, Physical Culture & Sport: Studies and Research, 69, 5-16. 

Harsanyi, L., & Martin, M. (1986). Athlete Schoolchildren - How Their Physical Capacities Develop, IAAF New Studies in Athletics, 4, 81-90

Vanderka, M., & Kampmiller, T. (2013). Kinematics of Sprinting in Children and Youths, IAAF New Studies in Athletics, 28(2), 35-45.

Wilson, G., & Raglin, J. (2004). The Predictive Value of Hardiness and Optimism for the Identification of Past Staleness in High School Age Male and Female Distance Runners, IAAF New Studies in Athletics, 19(2), 41-46

RaceRunning
RaceRunning Guide for Coach

Reports

Patterson, E. (2015). Learning from Reflective Leaders, Sports Coach UK Research Summary 30.

Sports Coach UK (2015). Communication Styles and Preferences, Sports Coach UK Research Summary 14.

van Uffelen, J., Jenkin, C., Westerbeek, H., Biddle, S., & Eime, R. (2016). Active and Healthy Ageing Through Sport, Australian Sports Commission.

 Training Programs

Mackenzie, B. (2007). Sprint Training, Brian Mac.

Mackenzie, B. (2007). Jumps Training, Brian Mac.

Mackenzie, B. (2007). Throws Training, Brian Mac.

Mackenzie, B. (2007). Endurance Training, Brian Mac.

Santana, JC. (2016). Functional Training for Running Sports, Functional Training

Videos

Sports Insight (2014). Developing your Skills (with Michael Johnson). Olympic Athletes' Hub(Free registration required)

Clearinghouse for Sport (2016). Market Segmentation - Adults, Australian Sports Commission. 

 Webinar

Sports CONNECT (2010). Adapting and Modifying for Individual Difference, Australian Sports Commission.

Sports CONNECT (2011). Benefits for Sport by Involving People with Disability, Australian Sports Commission.

 Website Articles

Burke, L., & Maughan, R. (2015). Nutrition for Athletics, International Association of Athletics Federations. 

Carmichael, S. (2015). How to Coach, According to 5 Great Sports Coaches, Harvard Business Review.

Grace, J. (2016). Mental Health for Coaches: Are you Living a Sustainable Lifestyle?, Swimswam

Kirkland, A. (2016). More Than Just Training: The Coach/Athlete Relationship, TrainingPeaks.

Lordanic, M. (2016). Why 'Not Bad for Girls' is Still a Thing, and Why We Need to Get Rid of It, Zela. 

Oliver, P. (2014). The Power of Sport: Building Social Bridges and Breaking Down Cultural Barriers, Curtin University.

 

Websites

IAAF - International Association of Athletics Federations. 

Athletics Oceania - The governing body for the sport of Athletics in Oceania. 

Clearinghouse for Sport - Australian Sports Commission led information and knowledge sharing initiative. 

Olympic Athletes' Hub - Courses, lectures, and insights from top athletes, coaches, and inspirational leaders. (Free registration required)

Play by the Rules - Promoting a safe, fair, and inclusive environment in sport and recreation.